Crack cocaine is a highly addictive central nervous system stimulant. It is a smokable form of cocaine that is made by mixing baking soda and water to cocaine and heating it until little rocks are formed. It is a more pure form of cocaine that is usually smoked from a glass pipe. Crack cocaine produces an intense euphoric feeling when it is used, and many people will report being hooked after taking only one hit.
Crack cocaine causes a flood of dopamine, a chemical messenger in the brain, released when used. This flood of dopamine is what causes the feelings of intense pleasure and elevates a person’s mood. However, the high that crack cocaine produces only lasts a few short minutes, and then the user experiences intense cravings for more of the drug.
Can You Really Overdose On Crack Cocaine?
Crack cocaine causes such an intense euphoria, that users will often go on binges taking massive amounts of the drug in order to stay high and prevent the “crash” that occurs when the drug is abruptly stopped. Sometimes you will hear that many people who use crack cocaine run out of money before they overdose because the drug is so expensive. However, you can overdose on crack cocaine.
Crack cocaine can have devastating effects on the body. The National Institute of Health “Cocaine Toxicity” says,
Patients who abuse cocaine risk life-threatening consequences, including tachydysrhythmia, severe hypertension, acute coronary syndrome, stroke, acute myocardial and renal failure, seizure, hyperthermia, cocaine-induced rhabdomyolysis, and fetal/maternal morbidity and mortality. The adverse effects on the heart are due to the direct actions of cocaine by inhibiting the reuptake of catecholamines into the nerve endings. The increased catecholamine levels can induce life-threatening arrhythmias, and at the same time, the local anesthetic properties of cocaine further impair impulse conduction, leading to re-entry ventricular arrhythmias. Long-term use of cocaine can also alter cardiac histology leading to fibrosis, myocarditis, and contraction band necrosis. Cocaine significantly increases myocardial oxygen requirements, heart rate, and cardiac output. In patients with even mild coronary disease, these hemodynamic changes plus its vasoconstriction ability can trigger an acute coronary syndrome. (NIH)
In this day in time, fentanyl is being mixed with almost all illegal substances out there including crack cocaine. Fentanyl is very deadly and is responsible for a vast number of the overdose fatalities we are experiencing in this country today.
Signs And Symptoms of Crack Cocaine Overdose
Crack cocaine can not only be deadly, overdosing on the drug can cause damage to many of the internal organs including the brain, lungs, and heart. For example, aA moderate to severe overdose can cause bleeding in the brain, kidney failure, and permanent damage to the lining of the heart and lungs.
Some of the signs and symptoms of a crack cocaine overdose can include:
- Increase in body temperature, blood pressure, pulse, and respiratory rate (the vital signs may decrease if serious complications occur)
- Chest pains
- Clammy skin
- Chest heaviness
- Paranoid delusions
Some other potential signs and symptoms of a crack cocaine overdose can include:
- Extreme anxiety
- Difficulty urinating
- Seizures or convulsions
- Heart attack
Crack cocaine is a dangerous drug. Users are often poly-substance abusers that mix alcohol and other drugs with crack cocaine. This increases the chances of an overdose dramatically. If you have an issue with crack cocaine, seek treatment immediately before it’s too late.
REAL Treatment for Crack Cocaine Addiction
Crack cocaine will destroy a person’s life. It is a difficult drug to come off of and a difficult addiction to treat. Recovery from crack cocaine is possible, but you have to want it.
Crackabuse.com is a website full of great resources for crack cocaine addiction. We are here to help guide you through the recovery process and offer you professional guidance and support. Contact us when you are ready, and our specialists will help you get started with the treatment process.