Cocaine is a stimulant drug derived from the leaves of two Coca plant species that grow in the rain forests and mountains of South America, called Erythroxylum-coca and Erythroxylum- novogranatense.
These coco leaves are extracted and converted to cocaine hydrochloride (powder cocaine), which can be snorted straight into the nose or injected with water. The effects that cocaine has on a person include:
- Elated feelings of happiness
- Disconnect from reality
- Anxiety and Depression
- Enlarged pupils
- Rapid heart rate
- High body temperatures
Why Was Cocaine Made into Crack?
The distribution of cocaine as a street drug in the United States began in the 1960s but did not become popular until the 1970s. During that era, political strife and controversy occurred between the United States and South America. The result was dramatic increases in cocaine smuggling, causing the prices to drop since there was so much available in the U.S. Drug dealers decided to return powder cocaine back to its more potent form by creating crack cocaine.
This occurs when powdered cocaine is mixed with baking soda and water and then heated. The mixing of bicarbonate with the cocaine hydrochloride means the cocaine is stronger. This new form of cocaine was smaller and more potent. Although crack cocaine is cheaper than powder cocaine, it causes addiction faster, and people buy more of it quicker than powder cocaine.
What is the Difference Between Crack and Powder Cocaine?
The National Institutes of Health scientists have provided information on what makes crack cocaine more addictive than powder cocaine. They explain the effects and what happens when someone uses each type of cocaine.
The physiological and psychoactive effects of cocaine are similar regardless of whether it is in the form of powder (cocaine hydrochloride) or crack cocaine (cocaine base). There is evidence showing a greater abuse and dependence liability and more severe consequences when cocaine is smoked (cocaine-base, i.e., crack) or injected intravenously (cocaine hydrochloride) compared with intranasal (snorting) use (cocaine hydrochloride). The crucial variables appear to be the immediacy, duration, and magnitude of cocaine’s effect, as well as the frequency and amount of cocaine used rather than the form of the cocaine. (NIH)
Can A Person Stop Smoking Crack Cocaine?
Crack cocaine is exceptionally difficult to quit without intense therapy and treatment addressing why this person uses drugs. The euphoria that crack cocaine causes is also detrimental to a person’s mental health. Stimulant drugs such as crack cocaine, meth, and others cause hallucinations and often leave the person with lasting memories of the drug experiences that are real to them.
Many former crack addicts require evidence-based therapy to help them heal their minds and emotions from the effects of crack and the often-traumatic events that happened when they used it. The best programs for someone addicted to crack must include trauma therapy and cognitive behavioral therapy to help them heal and recover.
Crack Addiction Ends With Therapy And Support
The support that a newly recovering crack-addicted person requires is huge. The cravings for crack can be minimized with non-addictive medications and in-depth therapy. Our programs help cocaine users recognize their drug use of crack and other substances as part of an underlying mental condition known as untreated addiction, which can be understood by them as a disease that others also have- making recovery possible. To be admitted, contact us on the phone and we will have you in our care within 24 hours.