Cocaine use as an intoxicant dates back as far as three thousand years ago. However crack cocaine, the smokable form of the drug, wasn’t developed until the ‘70s. The use of crack began to rapidly spread in the mid-1980s.

In the 1970s there was a huge amount of cocaine being shipped into the United States. This caused an 80% drop in price for the potent drug. With the price drop dealers had their hands on copious amounts of the drug, so they began converting the powder into crack, a solid smokable form. Once cocaine is “cooked” down, it can be broken into small rocks and thus sold in smaller quantities. This became a more profitable form of drug for dealers.

Between 1984 and 1990 the U.S. was experiencing a crack epidemic. This caused the number of U.S. citizens who become addicted to cocaine to dramatically increase. In 1985, the number of people that were using cocaine on a routine basis went from 4.2 to 5.8 million individuals.

Are Crack Babies Real or a Myth

Prenatal Crack Cocaine Exposure

Due to the rise of cocaine use in the 70s, prenatal exposure became more prominent.  PCE or prenatal cocaine exposure occurs when a pregnant woman consumes the addictive drug and exposes her fetus.

The National Institute on Drug Abuse article titled “What are the effects of maternal cocaine use?” says the following:


Most women who are addicted to cocaine are of childbearing age. Estimates suggest that about 5 percent of pregnant women use one or more addictive substances, and there are around 750,000 cocaine-exposed pregnancies every year. Although women may be reluctant to report substance use patterns because of social stigma and fear of losing custody of their children, they should be aware that drug use while pregnant is associated with specific risks that may be reduced with appropriate care. (NIDA)


Any medication or drug taken during pregnancy crosses the placenta and exposes the mother’s unborn child. The term “crack baby” emerged in the 1980s during the crack epidemic. It was used to describe a child that had been exposed to crack in utero.

Supposedly a baby exposed to crack I’m the womb would be severely mentally, physically, and emotionally disabled. In fact, this belief even became common in the lay and scientific communities.

Crack Babies: Real or a Myth

Crack baby is only a myth and has persisted for decades. Various studies have been done over the last several years. They have all consistently concluded that fetal exposure to crack has little to no effect on the long-term development of a child.

No specific conditions or disorders have been found in these children. Studies have also shown that kids six years and younger have not had any language, growth, or development issues, and prenatal crack exposure appears to have no effect on infant growth.

A more significant impact on the mental, emotional, and physical well-being and development of a child than crack exposure seems to be poverty and the stress and harm associated with it, abuse, neglect, poor schooling, and lack of healthcare and nutrition. These issues are the major reason that a lot of “crack babies” struggle as they get older.

Treating Crack Cocaine Addiction

If you or someone you love are looking for a brand new life free from a crack addiction, is the place to go. This website provides resources to overcome cocaine and crack addiction.

You don’t ever have to go through this process alone, there are people with valuable resources that can help you. Get in touch with a professional at our Crack Abuse Helpline, and they will help you find the best course of action or treatment for your situation.

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Cocaine Addiction Help and Recovery Resources

Whether you’re smoking cocaine, snorting cocaine, or even injecting cocaine, it does not have to destroy your life any longer. There is real, compassionate, and professional help available. Don’t be afraid, we are always just a quick phone call away.

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